FAQ's for Department Officials

1.What is the difference between Mineral, Ore and Rock?

Mineral is naturally occurring inorganic solids with a crystalline structure and a definite range of chemical formula.
Ores are concentrations of minerals in rock that are high enough to be economically extracted for use. All ores are minerals, but all minerals are not necessarily ores.
Rock is made up of 2 or more minerals. You need minerals to make rocks, but you don't need rocks to make minerals. All rocks are made of minerals.
Mineral is composed of the same substance throughout. There are about 3000 different minerals in the world. Minerals are made of chemicals-either a single chemical or a combination of chemicals. There are 103 known chemical elements.

2. Who is the owner of minerals in Telangana?

The Mineral Rights vests with the State Government. The State through mineral concessions, grant quarry leases for mining of minerals under the Act and Rules in force.

3. Whom should I contact in Telangana for any issue of Mining?

The Directorate of Mines and Geology at Hyderabad or the Regional and District Officers as listed out in the Contacts of the website.

4. Who is eligible to obtain mineral concessions in Telangana?

As per Section 5(1) of Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act 1957, any ‘person’ who is either an Indian National or a company registered in India under Section 3(1) of Companies Act, 1956 is eligible to obtain mineral concessions.

5. Unique Granite variety available in the State of Telangana?

The Tan Brown with brown porphyritic texture having black, dark blue and brown background, owing to its aesthetic appeal is a unique variety of granite available in Karimnagar District. The granite variety is having scope in the international market.

6. Geological importance of the State of Telangana?

In entire South India, Telangana is the only State having Coal deposits. The Coal deposits explored in the Godavari valley coalfield. M/s.Singareni Collieries Company Limited is mining Coal. In 2015-2016, the company produced 60.38 Million Tonnes of Coal. Also there are vast Limestone deposits in the State. The Limestone is cement grade variety and there are ( ) cement plants established in the State producing cement.

7. What are the major mineral based industries in the State?

Coal based thermal plants, cement units, 100% EoU Granite cutting and polishing units alongwith block/slab cutting units are established in the State. As per the A.P.Reorganization Act, 2014, the establishment of Steel Plant in Bayyaram is assured by GoI. With good deposits of quartz and feldspar, there are glass and ceramic industries.

8. What is the policy and initiatives for the mining entrepreneurs?

The mining policy and initiatives in the State is entrepreneur friendly. The State Government introduced 'Telangana State Industrial Project Approval and Self Certification System (TS- iPASS)' providing speedy processing for issue of various licenses, clearances and certificates required for setting up of industrial undertakings for the promotion of industrial development and also to provide for an investor friendly environment in the Telangana State.  With the policy, initiatives and availability of mineral deposits in the State, there is vast scope for establishment of mineral based industries in the State of Telangana.
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Department of Mines & Geology, 8th Floor, B.R.K.R Bhavan, Secretariat Road, Hyd - 500 063
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